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the water and watched how the current moved them and how you’d make eddy turns and all kinds of things.

DOES THE TEACHING END WHEN THE ADVENTURE BEGINS? No. On the second run of the day, for example, you could stop above a set of rapids and ask the boys, “What’s the line? How would you run this? If you were calling the commands, where would you enter? Where would you exit?”

HOW CAN SCOUTERS WITHOUT EXTEN- SIVE OUTDOOR EXPERIENCE LEAD HIGH-ADVENTURE TRIPS? In many ways, a leader who doesn’t know everything is your very best leader. That leader is motivated to go to train- ing and to solicit help from experts.

AND, OF COURSE, NO ONE IS AN EXPERT IN EVERY ACTIVITY, RIGHT? The boys choose the high-adventure trips. Eventually, they’re going to choose activities you don’t know how to do, so you’re back to where you’re saying, “We need to learn some skills here, and [the leaders will] learn along with you.”

DO YOU FIND THAT SCOUTS WHO PAR- TICIPATE IN ADVENTURE ACTIVITIES CONTINUE TO ADVANCE? Yes. I’ve been impressed with the Venturing award system, where the awards are built around adventure.

AND MOST VENTURING AWARDS REQUIRE VENTURERS TO TEACH SKILLS TO YOUNGER SCOUTS, DON’T THEY? Yes. You, in essence, have become the expert you had to seek to do your adventure. You are paying back the debt in some small way. ¿

Moving On Up

Early rank requirements give Scouts essentials they’ll need for years to come.

ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO, First Class was Scouting’s highest rank, and Star, Life, and Eagle simply represented earning additional merit badges. While that concept has changed, First Class still signifies that a Scout has mas- tered all of the basic Scouting skills. Taken together, the Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class ranks offer a short course in these essentials.

WHEN CAN A SCOUT BEGIN WORKING ON TENDERFOOT, SECOND CLASS, AND FIRST CLASS? He can begin work on all three as soon as he has completed the Scout joining requirements, listed on Page 17 of The Boy Scout Handbook.

SOME OF THE REQUIREMENTS SEEMREDUNDANT. WHYIS THAT? All three ranks include requirements for topics such as first aid and cooking, but they increase in difficulty as the Scout progresses. Take cooking, for example. For Tenderfoot, a boy helps prepare a meal. For Second Class, he plans and cooks a hot meal and discusses nutri- tion and food safety. And for First Class, he plans a whole

menu and serves as patrol cook on a campout.

THE BSAWEB SITE SAYS THE THREE RANKSMAY BE WORKED ONSIMULTANEOUSLY BUTMUSTBEEARNED IN SEQUENCE. EXPLAIN. A Scout can work on—and receive credit for—requirements for any of the three ranks at any time. However, he has to com- plete the ranks in order.



HOWQUICKLY SHOULD A SCOUTGETTO FIRSTCLASS? Research shows that Scouts who reach First Class in a year are more likely to remain in the program. Earning the rank much sooner would be hard, in large part because of the requirement to participate in 10 separate patrol or troop activities (Requirement 3).

CAN A SCOUTWORKING ON THE EARLY RANKS EARN MERIT BADGES? Yes. When he begins working on Star, he gets credit for those badges.

WHAT ABOUT LEADERSHIP POSITIONS? Any Scout can hold a leadership position, but he can earn advancement credit only if he is at least First Class. He can’t, for example, receive Star credit for a lead- ership position he held as a Second Class Scout. The same idea applies to service hours.

WHAT IF RANK REQUIREMENTS CHANGE BEFORE A SCOUT REACHES FIRST CLASS? If he has started working toward a rank before the changes are implemented, he may complete that rank using the previous requirements.

WHERE CAN I FIND THE MOST CURRENT RANK REQUIREMENTS? The offi- cial source is the 2011 Boy Scout Requirements book (No. 34765). Published each January, this booklet lists all rank and merit badge require- ments. Also check scouting. org/scoutsource/BoyScouts/ AdvancementandAwards.aspx. ¿

 ¿ SCOUTING 15

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