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Get With the PROGRAMS
BOY SCOUTING
Despite its longevity, Boy
Scouting has changed far less
BOY SCOUTING, THE OLDEST
since its early days than the
branch of the Boy Scouts of
other branches of Scouting.
America, officially began in
Scoutmasters still lead troops
1910 with the founding of the
and senior patrol leaders,
BSA. But the program actu-
patrols still name themselves
ally came to the United States
after owls and foxes, and
in 1908 when overseas travel-
Scouts still strive for the Eagle
ers started bringing home
Scout Award. The Scout
copies of Robert Baden-
Oath, Law, Motto, and slogan
Powell’s Scouting for Boys.
haven’t changed a bit.
That’s not to say the
program has remained the
same, however. Long gone
are the choke-collar uniform
shirts and knickerbockers, as
are merit badges for black-
smithing, poultry farming,
and stalking (which had they got their own program. ments by a year in 1949. The
a very different meaning That program, originally Webelos rank replaced the
100 years ago). But an early called Cubbing, started in Lion rank in 1967, and Tiger
20th-century Scout would America in 1930. Based on Cubs first roared in 1982. Age
probably fit right in at a a British model, it mixed requirements dropped one
modern Scout meeting. themes from Rudyard more time in 1986.
Kipling’s The Jungle Book with The other big change
CUB SCOUTING
Native American traditions. came in leadership: Initially,
Early Cub Scouts Cubmasters were always
AS BOY SCOUTING GREW IN advanced from Bobcat (for men, while den mothers—as
popularity, younger boys all members) to Wolf (age the name indicates—were
began asking to join. While 9), Bear (age 10), and Lion always women. By the 1970s,
some became unofficial (age 11) before joining Boy however, men and women
“junior Scouts” or “mascots,” Scouting at age 12. The could hold any leadership
they’d have to wait years until BSA lowered its age require- position.
1937 1938 1940 1941
President Franklin Roosevelt The rescheduled first National Scout Tulsa oilman Waite Phillips donates Irving Berlin establishes the God The Webelos rank is created for older Cub
cancels a planned National Scout Jamboree is held in the shadow of the 35,857 acres of his ranch near Bless America Foundation, donating Scouts. The name derives from the three Cub
Jamboree in Washington, D.C., Washington Monument. Attendees Cimarron, N.M., for the creation of all royalties from performances Scout ranks (Wolf, Bear, and Lion). It will
because of a polio epidemic. number 27,232. a Boy Scout camp, called Philturn of his most famous song to the change in 1967 to stand for “We’ll Be Loyal
Rockymountain Scoutcamp. Boy Scouts and the Girl Scouts to Scouts” when the Lion rank is dropped.
help bring Scouting to low-income,
urban communities.
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