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In 1915, he founded a new E. Urner Goodman
Scouting organization, the Lone (1891-1980),
Scouts of America, to serve boys that Carroll A. Edson (1891-1986)
BSA troops couldn’t reach. The LSA The founders of the Order of the
competed with the BSA’s Pioneer Arrow—Scouting’s brotherhood of
Division (created in 1916) for nearly a cheerful service—weren’t brothers.
decade, until Boyce agreed in 1924 to Maybe they could have been. In many
merge it with the BSA. ways, E. Urner Goodman and Carroll
Boyce received the third Silver A. Edson led parallel lives. Both
Buffalo Award in 1926. (The first two were born in 1891, both worked as
had gone to Robert Baden-Powell and Scouting volunteers and professionals,
the Unknown Scout.) At his funeral both were active church leaders, both
BSA $1,000 per month for operating three years later, 32 Scouts served as served in World War I, and both lost
expenses—provided that boys of all honorary pallbearers, while Chief sons in World War II.
races and creeds be included—but Scout Executive James E. West pro- Most significantly, both were
that was the extent of his involvement. vided the eulogy. tapped to lead Treasure Island Scout
Reservation near Philadelphia in Goodman and Edson were as
offering instead to represent the he didn’t have deep pockets. What he 1915. Goodman, the director, had responsible for the OA’s spread as they
boy in court (he got him off on did have, though, was a commitment read about a camp honor society were for its founding. Edson started
a technicality). That incident led to children and a drive to turn the that helped maintain camp tradi- OA lodges in Chicago and Jersey City,
West to lobby successfully for the fledgling BSA into a strong, cohesive tions from season to season. Edson, N.J., when he served as a Scout execu-
creation of a juvenile court. He national organization. the assistant director, had heard BSA tive in those cities. Goodman became
also worked for the Washington In his three decades as Chief Scout founder Ernest Thompson Seton the first national director of program
Playground Association and the Executive, West oversaw the creation talk about the Native American in 1931, a job where he oversaw the
YMCA and prompted President of Sea Scouting and Cub Scouting, traditions underlying his Woodcraft growth of Cub Scouting, Exploring,
Theodore Roosevelt to convene the development of local councils, Indians. The young leaders com- and the OA.
a White House Conference on and the involvement of Scouts on the bined those ideas with the lore of the Both men retained their ties
Dependent Children in 1909. home front in two world wars. As area’s Lenni Lenape tribe to create a to Scouting until their deaths. As
Given his background, West President Harry Truman wrote in a society they called Wimachtendienk Goodman said late in life, “That’s the
became a natural choice to serve telegram to West’s widow, “Boy Scouts Wingolauchsik Witahemui—Lenni happy thing about finding the right
as the first Chief Scout Executive. of all ages and all Americans who Lenape for brotherhood, cheerfulness, life mission. It doesn’t end with pro-
He agreed to take the job for up believe in the future of the American and service. fessional retirement. It goes on and on
to six months and stayed on for boy bow in reverence to his memory.” Within two years, the society, now until one day the call comes to enter
32 years. West’s name lives on in the James the Order of the Arrow, had begun the life beyond where, I am sure, new
Unlike Baden-Powell, Beard, E. West Fellowship Award. This award spreading to other camps. It became and greater missions await.”
and Seton, West had neither a goes to individuals who donate $1,000 an official program experiment in
winning personality nor a love or more to a local council’s endow- 1922 and was approved as part of the
for the outdoors. Unlike Boyce, ment fund. Scouting program in 1934.
1923 1924 1925 1926 1927
The BSA sends 301 Scouts to the The Hibbing Area Council in Scouts with physical Norman Rockwell Membership in the The first Silver Buffalo awards are presented The BSA’s Inter-Racial
inaugural World Scout Jamboree Minnesota begins organizing canoe disabilities earn the first paints the first of his Boy Scouts of America for distinguished service to youth. Recipients Service is established to
in England, where they join trips into the Boundary Waters achievement badges that Boy Scout calendars, tops 1 million. include Robert Baden-Powell, Ernest Thompson promote Scouting in the
Scouts from 33 other countries. along the U.S.-Canada border that take their disabilities showing a uniformed Seton, Daniel Carter Beard, William D. Boyce, African American, Native
evolve into the Northern Tier High into account, offering Scout bandaging a and the unknown Scout who had assisted Boyce American, Hispanic, and
Adventure Program. them a separate path to puppy’s leg. during his 1909 visit to London. Japanese communities.
the First Class rank.
30 31
Founders.indd 31 11/18/09 1:59 PM
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