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Faces of the FOUNDERS
Their names are splashed across Scout councils, camps, museums,
Daniel Carter Beard between 2,000 and 20,000 boys joined
(1850-1941) the group in the next few years,
and awards, but who were the men who created the Scouting program? Daniel Carter Beard grew up hearing organizing themselves in “forts” and
stories of pioneer days and exploring “stockades” and taking on the names
the woods near his Covington, Ky., of heroes such as Daniel Boone (presi-
home. After attending art school in dent), Kit Carson (treasurer), and Davy
New York City, he began a long career Crockett (secretary). When Beard
as a writer and illustrator. joined Pictorial Review magazine, he
One winter day in New York, renamed the group the Boy Pioneers
Beard came across newsboys sleeping of America and published its first
on the damp pavement of Printing handbook.
House Square. It was this sight that With the advent of the BSA, Beard
“started me on my lifelong crusade for shut down his nascent organization
American boyhood,” he later wrote. and joined the BSA as one of the first at the 1937 National Scout Jamboree
In 1905, in the pages of Recreation national commissioners. to light the opening campfire with
magazine, Beard created a loosely “Uncle Dan,” as he was known, flint and steel. He was honored with
organized boys’ program he called the remained involved in Scouting until one of the first Silver Buffalo Awards
Sons of Daniel Boone. Somewhere his death in 1941—even showing up in 1926.
Ernest Thompson years, between 100,000 and 200,000
Seton (1860-1946) boys joined the group.
Born in England and raised in In 1906, Seton sent Baden-Powell
Canada, Ernest Thompson Seton a copy of the group’s handbook, The
was a naturalist, artist, and writer and Birch-Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians,
lover of Native American culture. The to review. Later that year, the two men
success of his 1898 book Wild Animals met in London. Soon after the BSA’s
I Have Known allowed him to build a founding, Seton signed on as the first
small estate in Cos Cob, Conn. Chief Scout. He cobbled together a
When neighborhood boys tore provisional handbook from Baden-
first World Scout Jamboree in 1920 down part of his fence in 1902, Seton Powell’s Scouting for Boys and the
in London, England. When he rose surprised them by inviting them to Birch-Bark Roll and in the preface took
to speak at the jamboree, a Scout in camp on his property over spring credit for starting Scouting.
the audience shouted, “Long live the break. He declared the boys a tribe By 1915, Seton himself was on BSA. His verdict on Scouting was
Chief Scout of the World!” Thousands and taught skills such as identifying the outside looking in. He and Chief simple: “Seton started it; Baden-Powell
of other Scouts took up the call, and birds, swimming, and canoeing. That Scout Executive James E. West had boomed it; West killed it.”
Baden-Powell was officially crowned camp evolved into the Woodcraft never seen eye to eye, and on Dec. In 1926, the BSA papered over its
the first—and only—Chief Scout of Indians, an organization Seton 5, Seton called a press conference to rift with Seton by giving him one of
the World. launched that July. Over the next eight announce his resignation from the the first Silver Buffalo Awards.
1913 1916
Arthur R. Eldred of Troop 1 Sea Scouting is established to The BSA purchases Boys’ Life Norman Rockwell is Scouting magazine Registration of Scouts The Church of Jesus E. Urner Goodman and
in Oceanside, N.Y., becomes serve older Scouts magazine, which had been hired as an illustrator debuts. begins; the annual fee Christ of Latter-day Carroll A. Edson organize
the first Eagle Scout. interested in boating. started a year earlier for Boys’ Life. is 25 cents. Saints becomes the an honor society at
by George S. Barton of first religious body to Treasure Island Scout
Massachusetts. adopt Scouting as part Camp near Philadelphia
of its ministry. that will grow to become
the Order of the Arrow.
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