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Faces of the FOUNDERS
Their names are splashed across Scout councils, camps, museums,
Daniel Carter Beard
(1850-1941)
and awards, but who were the men who created the Scouting program? Daniel Carter Beard grew up hearing
stories of pioneer days and exploring
Robert Stephenson Smyth the woods near his Covington, Ky.,
Baden-Powell (1857-1941) home. After attending art school in
In October 1899, several thousand New York City, he began a long career
Boer fighters laid siege to the South as a writer and illustrator.
African town of Mafeking, where Col. One winter day in New York,
Robert Baden-Powell led a force of Beard came across newsboys sleeping
some 800 British soldiers. Through on the damp pavement of Printing
sheer resourcefulness, he held off the House Square. It was this sight that
Boers for 217 days, sneaking reports “started me on my lifelong crusade for
through the lines that ended up on American boyhood,” he later wrote.
the front pages of British newspapers. In 1905, in the pages of Recreation
When Mafeking was relieved in May magazine, Beard created a loosely
1900, he became a national hero. organized boys’ program he called the
Three years later, Baden-Powell Sons of Daniel Boone. Somewhere
(by then a general) returned to
England and was astonished to find Ernest Thompson
British boys using an army manual Seton (1860-1946)
he’d written called Aids to Scouting Born in England and raised in
as a guide to outdoor fun. For the Canada, Ernest Thompson Seton
next four years, he studied boys’ pro- was a naturalist, artist, and writer and
grams—including Ernest Thompson lover of Native American culture. The
Seton’s Woodcraft Indians in America— success of his 1898 book Wild Animals
and decided to start his own program. I Have Known allowed him to build a
In 1906, Baden-Powell drafted small estate in Cos Cob, Conn.
a paper called “Boy Scouts—A When neighborhood boys tore
Suggestion,” proposing a way to “help In 1908, Baden-Powell pub- first World Scout Jamboree in 1920 down part of his fence in 1902, Seton
in making the rising generation, of lished Scouting for Boys and formally in London, England. When he rose surprised them by inviting them to
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R whatever class or creed, into good launched the Boy Scout movement. to speak at the jamboree, a Scout in camp on his property over spring
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citizens at home or for the colonies.” Over the next few years, he watched the audience shouted, “Long live the break. He declared the boys a tribe
B
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O A year later, he organized a camp on as Scouting spread throughout the Chief Scout of the World!” Thousands and taught skills such as identifying

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Brownsea Island to test his ideas. The British colonies and beyond. In 1913, of other Scouts took up the call, and birds, swimming, and canoeing. That
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camp, which involved 12 upper-class he proposed a gathering of Scouts Baden-Powell was officially crowned camp evolved into the Woodcraft
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T boys and nine working-class boys, was from around the world, planting the the first—and only—Chief Scout of Indians, an organization Seton
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L a rousing success. seeds for what would become the the World. launched that July. Over the next eight
1910 1911 1912
William D. Boyce Daniel Carter Ernest Thompson Seton combines Baden- Thirty-four-year-old The BSA publishes Arthur R. Eldred of Troop 1 Sea Scouting is established to
incorporates the Beard and Ernest Powell’s book, Scouting for Boys, and his own Washington, D.C., 300,000 copies of the first in Oceanside, N.Y., becomes serve older Scouts
Boy Scouts of Thompson Seton book, The Birch-Bark Roll, into a provisional attorney James E. edition of the Handbook the first Eagle Scout. interested in boating.
America on Feb. 8. fold their move- handbook called Boy Scouts of America: A West becomes the for Boys.
ments into the Boy Handbook of Woodcraft, Scouting, and Life-craft. first Chief Scout
Scouts of America. Executive.
Seton becomes
Chief Scout,
while Beard and
others become
National Scout
Commissioners.
Founders.indd 28 11/18/09 1:56 PM
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